Health Friday: Breast cancer 

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. A sharp pain in your breast, possibly with some tenderness, can be scary. It may have you wondering if it could be something serious. A breast lump is often the first thing that women and even men notice that spurs a visit to their doctor. Although breast cancer generally shows no symptoms in the early stage

lump in the breast is typically associated with breast cancer, but most of the time, a lump in the breast isn’t cancer. From hormonal changes in teens to damaged fat tissue, more than 90 percent of all breast lumps in women in their early 20s to early 50s are noncancerous according to mayo clinic. 

warning signs/symptoms of breast cancer ♋ 

Signs of breast cancer may include. 

  • a lump in the breast 
  • a change in breast shape 
  • dimpling of the skin 
  • fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin.
  • while In those with distant spread of the disease there may be bone pain 
  • swollen lymph nodes 
  • shortness of breath 
  •  yellow skin

possible later signs of breast cancer 

  • retraction, or inward turning of the nipple
  •  enlargement of one breast
  • dimpling of the breast surface
  • an existing lump that gets bigger
  • an “orange peel” texture to the skin
  • vaginal pain
  • unintentional weight lose
  • enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit
  • visible veins on the breast

possible causes or risk causing factor: Although the precise causes of breast cancer are unclear, we know the main risk factors. Still, most women considered at high risk for breast Cancerabd it’s possible to avoid it. 

  • Being overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese after menopause increases breast cancer risk. Before menopause your ovaries produce most of your estrogen, and fat tissue produces a small amount of estrogen. After menopause (when the ovaries stop making estrogen), most of a woman’s estrogen comes from fat tissue
  • Smoking causes a number of diseases and is linked to a higher risk of breast cancer in younger, premenopausal women. Research also has shown that there may be link between very heavy second-hand smoke exposure and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women.
  • family history: Most cases of breast cancer don’t run in families, but particular genes known as BRCA1 and BRCA2 can increase your risk of developing both breast and ovarian cancer. It’s possible for these genes to be passed on from a parent to their child. Other newly detected genes, such as TP53 and CHEK 2, are also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. If you’re worried about your family history of breast cancer, discuss it with your doctor 
  • Radiation: Certain medical procedures that use radiation, such as X-rays and computerised tomography (CT) scans, may increase your risk of developing breast cancer very slightly. If you currently need radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma, your specialist should discuss the risk of breast cancer before your treatment begins.
  • contraceptive pills: Research has shown that women who use the contraceptive pill have a slightly increased risk of developing breast cancer. However, the risk starts to decrease once you stop taking the pill, and your risk of breast cancer is back to normal. please visit any cancer research centre for more information about contraceptive pill risk.
  • Alcohol: Your risk of developing breast cancer can increase with the amount of alcohol you drink. visit any cancer center to learn more or talk to your doctor 

things to do to avoid or prevent breast cancer 

  • be physically active: exercise 
  • avoid smoking and high level of alcohol intake
  • eat right 
  • high level of fruit and vegetable intake 
  • avoid wearing under wire bra for too long 
  • visit your doctor for checkup 
  • avoid wearing bra at night to sleep 
  • ask questions from your doctor when you feel anything strange. 

breast examination: 

Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter. Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side — from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.

    research shows that people who died from breast cancer, died from metastatic breast cancer. Metastatic breast cancer, or stage 4 breast cancer, is the spread of breast cancer to non-adjacent parts of the body — most commonly to the bones, liver, lungs and/or brain.

    save a woman today..

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    One response to “Health Friday: Breast cancer 

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